Scheda Insegnamento: Soil pollution and monitoring A.A. 2017/2018
  • Corso di Laurea: SCIENZE FORESTALI E AMBIENTALI (LM-73)
  • Codice: 17123
  • Crediti: 6
  • Anno Off. Formativa: 2017/2018
  • Anno di Corso: 2
  • Erogazione: I semestre
  • Docente: FABRIZIO DE CESARE

Programma

1 - COURSE OBJECTIVES
The aim of the course is to present the soil as a proper ecosystem, and to make students capable of understanding and predicting, in principle: i) the behaviour and fate of natural and xenobiotic compounds in soils upon intentional or accidental additions; ii) the possible effects of these compounds on soil ecosystems; iii) the possible resilience of soils upon such events. To achieve such target, information will be provided on soil abiotic and biotic components, the relative physical, chemical and biochemical properties, and the mutual interactions and relationships. Interactions between soil and plants will also be illustrated. Information will also be supplied on the monitoring of soil ecosystems in both natural conditions and upon perturbation.


2 - LEARNING OUTCOMES

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
Knowledge of the various components of natural soils and the interactions between these components. Knowledge of the physical, chemical and physicochemical principles causing the natural and anthropic compounds (e.g., contaminants) to interact with the diverse components of soils, once they have been added to it. Knowledge of the possible approaches and monitoring systems (traditional vs. advanced) of both natural and perturbed soils.

ABILITY TO USE KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION
Capacity of identifying the main drivers of natural and perturbed soils, and of integrating and applying in specific contexts the information assimilated in the course: i) of such ecosystems, to understand the possible dynamics herein already present and ongoing; ii) of the monitoring systems, to assess the presence of perturbations and of dynamics in such ecosystems.

MAKING JUDGEMENT
To be able to interpret results obtained by observations and measurements (monitoring) to evaluate the extent of soil perturbation of and possible actions to make.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Capacity of communicating appropriately (i.e., precisely and with proper terminology) the assimilated information, concepts, dynamics and processes possibly present in soil ecosystems and described in the course. Capacity of expressing the concepts synthetically, but providing details when requested. Capacity of catching the main features characterising natural and perturbed soils.

LEARNING SKILLS
Capacity of assimilating the requested knowledge by using the various materials provided in the course, but mainly of expressing curiosity in understanding the causes of events occurring in perturbed soils, relative to the natural ones. Capacity of having an open mind to other standpoints and opinions, discussing them critically, without prejudices, and calling themselves into question.


3 - PROGRAM

• Soil components

• Soil properties
- Physical
- Chemical
- Biological/biochemical

• Soil as a proper ecosystem (holistic approach)

• Soil interaction with plants (a typical ecosystem)
- Rhizosphere
- Soil-Plant interactions in problem-solving (pollution)

• Soil perturbations in urban environments
- Temperature
- Water regimes
- Waste disposal
- Contaminants/pollutants

• Soil contamination/pollution
- Sources of soil contamination/pollution in urban environments
- Nature and features of contaminants/pollutants in urban environments
- Fate of contaminants/pollutants in soil (adsorption/fixation, absorption, volatilisation, degradation, leaching)
- Interactions of contaminants/pollutants with soil

• Monitoring soils in urban environments
- Monitoring soil quality (indicators, indices, and so further)
- Monitoring soil pollutants (metals, organics, nanomaterials, biomolecules, and so further)
- Traditional approaches to soil monitoring (lab analyses)
- Smart approaches to soil monitoring (sensors, biosensors, nano(bio)sensors, probes and (hybrid) sensing systems

Testi consigliati

• E.A. Paul (2015). Soil microbiology, ecology, and biochemistry (4th Edition). Academic Press.
• I.L. Pepper, C.P. Gerba, M.L. Brusseau (2006). Environmental and Pollution Science (2nd Edition). Academic Press.
• H.F. Hemond, E.J. Fechner 2015). Chemical fate and transport in the environment (3rd Edition). Academic Press.
• N.C. Brady, R.R. Weil (2010). Elements of the nature and properties of soils. Pearson. / Alternatively: N.C. Brady, R.R. Weil (2016). The nature and properties of soils (Global Edition). Pearson.

Propedeuticità

- Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry - Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry - Fundamentals of Physics - Fundamentals of Biochemistry - Biology - Fundamentals of Microbiology - Fundamentals of Ecology - Fundamentals of Applied Ecology

Frequenza

Facoltativa

Metodologia didattica

Ore lezione: 40

Valutazione del profitto

Prova orale

Descrizione dei metodi di accertamento

ORAL TEST
This test will be carried out on the fixed dates reported on the web page of the course. Within this test, the global knowledge of students about the issues considered in the course will be verified and evaluated by testing the following skills:
- Knowledge of specific issues described in the course (Fail, Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very Good,
Excellent): 1) soil features and their importance
in natural and anthropic contexts; 2) specific topics, processes, events and issues described in the course
- Ability to integrate various information on distinct issues (Fail, Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very
Good, Excellent)
- Ability to analyse contexts, events, and processes where soil properties are involved and determine effects (Fail,
Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very
Good, Excellent)
- Ability in summarising issues concerning soil ecosystems (Fail, Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very Good,
Excellent)
- Mastery in expressing ideas using scientific terminology (Fail, Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very Good,
Excellent)
- Ability to integrate information from distinct disciplines (Fail, Minimum achievement, Satisfactory/Acceptable, Very
Good, Excellent)

Luogo lezioni

Orario lezioni

Comunicazioni

Meetings with students:

Day and time: TUESDAY & THURSDAY from 16:15 to 18:15.

Place: Professor's office (1st floor of the "Agraria" building).

For any further request, please send an email to the Professor to arrange for a meeting